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الحمد لله رب العالمين، والصلاة والسلام على أشرف الأنبياء و المرسلين، وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين أهلا وسهلا بكم إذا كانت هذه زيارتك الأولى للمنتدى، فيرجى التفضل بزيارة صفحة التعليمات كما يشرفنا أن تقوم بالتسجيل ، إذا رغبت بالمشاركة في المنتدى، أما إذا رغبت بقراءة المواضيع والإطلاع فتفضل بزيارة القسم الذي ترغب أدناه. عن أبي سعيد الخدري رضي الله عنه - قال: سمعت رسول الله ﷺ يقول: "إن إبليس قال لربه: بعزتك وجلالك لا أبرح أغوي بني آدم مادامت الأرواح فيهم - فقال الله: فبعزتي وجلالي لا أبرح أغفر لهم ما استغفروني" اللّهم طهّر لساني من الكذب ، وقلبي من النفاق ، وعملي من الرياء ، وبصري من الخيانة ,, فإنّك تعلم خائنة الأعين ,, وما تخفي الصدور اللهم استَخدِمني ولاَ تستَبدِلني، وانفَع بيِ، واجعَل عَملي خَالصاً لِوجهك الكَريم ... يا الله اللهــم اجعل عملي على تمبـلر صالحاً,, واجعله لوجهك خالصاً,, ولا تجعل لأحد فيه شيئاً ,, وتقبل مني واجعله نورا لي في قبري,, وحسن خاتمة لي عند مماتي ,, ونجاةً من النار ومغفرةً من كل ذنب يارب يارب يارب

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Friday, March 6, 2015

Tajweed in Qiraat Al-Quran

Allah SWT has sent down 124000 Prophets in total from the beginning of life on earth. The key factor behind it had always
been to let their nations know about the Message of Oneness of God, morality and righteousness. Only four of these many Apostles of Allah had the honor of being awarded the Sacred Books from the Almighty Lord. Torah was revealed on Moses (Musa A.S), Zabur on David (Dawud A.S), Injeel on Jesus (Issa A.S), and Quran was disclosed on the Last and Final Prophet, Hazrat Muhammad ﷺ.
All of the previous Divine Scriptures were meant to revolutionize lives of particular nations, but the Holy Quran has the greatest credit being guide for rest of the entire world. It was communicated to Allah`s Messenger ﷺ through Angel Gabriel (Jibrael A.S). Since, it was made known to the people of Arabia first, so it was meant to be in the Arabic. The Creator of the universe says about the implication of this fact as follows:

“Indeed, We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’an that you might understand.” [Quran, 12: 2]
Thus, the reason behind transferring the Divine Manuscript in this language is that its receivers could comprehend it easily. Due to universality of purpose of Furqan e Hameed, Muslims all over the world have to read and understand it properly in order to benefit from it. The Holy Quran has some basic rights, which need to be fulfilled such as its narration, realization and spreading of its teachings among others.
The process of recitation of this Hallowed Volume of God is commonly known as “Qirat”. It requires the correct reading of Quranic verses according to its set format. There is a great reward of rehearsing the Holy Book. Abu Hurairah (R.A) reported that Rasulullah ﷺ has said:
“Whoever follows the funeral procession and offers the funeral prayer for it, will get a reward equal to one Qirat, and whoever attends it till burial, will get a reward equal to two Qirat.” It was asked, “What are two Qirat?” He (PBUH) replied, “Equal to two huge mountains.” (Bukhari and Muslim)
Such is the great significance of Qirat that Hazrat Muhammad ﷺ has compared it with the reward as much as that of gigantic mountain. But this great incentive also requires one to adopt the proper way of carrying out narration while voicing-over Quran.
Now let us discuss some of the basic rudiments of reading this Sacred Book that one should know about:
Tajweed
The Arabic word “Tajweed” literally means “to improve or make better”. From Quranic point of view, it involves the knowhow and proficiency of the essential rules of Qirat of this Highly Revered Scripture in the most suitable manner. The Holy Prophet ﷺ said:
“The Best amongst you is (he) who learns and teaches the Holy Quran.” (Bukhari)
Learning the Muhaiman requires knowing about the core principles of its tongue first. As, Arabic is very complex language itself, so it becomes very difficult for foreign Muslims to recite the Holy Quran in the right way. The very first step that is to be taken is to learn about the basics of Quranic language, as it is different in its origin and background from Modern Standard Arabic that is used in conversation nowadays.
It is important to know about Tajweed because one must pronounce the Holy Verses in the exact fashion as Jibrael (A.S) revealed them upon the Apostle ﷺ of God, Who in turn taught them to His companions and from whom it spread to other parts of the world.
As the word Tajweed refers to improvement and development, so the Holy Quran should also be recited in beautiful voice by maintain a slow and calm tone so that one may not articulate any words with wrong pronunciation. One must have the suitable knowledge about Arabic alphabets, expressing terms in their right sounds, and most importantly caring properly for pauses involved in between verses.
Rasulullah ﷺ is reported to have said:
“Adorn the Qur’an with your voices.” (Abu Dawud & Nasai)
As per the above mentioned Hadith, one must take great care in doing Qirat of the Divine Book of Allah by beautifying one`s pitch in order to make the recital process sound pleasant to ears. The greater implication of Tajweed can be observed in the following Quranic line:

“Those to whom We have given the Book recite it with its true recital. They [are the ones who] believe in it. And whoever disbelieves in it – it is they who are the losers.” [Quran, 2: 121]
It means that Allah SWT has greatly emphasized on maintain the rightful manner of reading the Nur.
Some of the essential principles on which Tawjeed of the Holy Quran is based on are:
1.       information and application about the articulation (the formation of clear and distinct sounds in speech)points of the
letters used
2.       familiarity with the distinctiveness of the letters used
3.       knowledge about the changes in rules involved in letters as a result of any specific changes in their order
4.       rehearsing of one`s tongue repeatedly in order to master recitation
5.       knowing about when to slow down and the meanings of different kinds of stopping signs used
In short, Tajweed is the key scientific law of learning and reading the Holy Quran in the most appropriate mode. It started with the arrival of the Sacred Manuscript, and Hazrat Muhammad ﷺ undoubtedly is the initiator of its rules and regulations as He was first educated by Jibrael (A.S) about Quran. However, later when the message of Islam started spreading beyond Arab regions, it was thought to make a basic structure of convention for Qirat. The basic reason behind knowing and applying this system is to preserve the Huda in its original form as Allah SWT says:



“Indeed, it is We who sent down the Qur’an and indeed, We will be its guardian.” [Quran, 15: 9]
Indeed, the Almighty is the Only true Defender of this Blessed Volume, and we are only carrying out our religious responsibility by learning about Tajweed to maintain the Hikmah in its true form.
Tarteel
It is an Arabic word which also calls for keeping the correct and rhythmic tone in Qirat of the Holy Quran. It involves thoughtful reading of the Holy Verses with accurate accent. Allah SWT says in this matter:

“Or add to it, and recite the Qur’an with measured recitation.” [Quran, 73: 4]

It means that one must recite the Quranic lines gradually by articulating its letters carefully so that the understanding of Furqan e Hameed could become effective. There is not that much
difference between Tajweed and Tarteel, apart from that the latter is used during Daily Prayers, while both being the fundamental values of Qirat of Quranic verses.

 So, to conclude, one can say that Qirat is an extremely delicate and most important part of the Holy Quran, which is serves a means of receiving Allah`s blessings and communicating the Message of this Sacred Scripture to others. But it should be done according to the rules and regulations of Tajweed and Tarteel so that this Holy Task could be performed in the most rightful manner.


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Rasulullah s.a.w bersabda :

” Sesungguhnya seorang hamba yang bercakap sesuatu kalimah atau ayat tanpa mengetahui implikasi dan hukum percakapannya, maka kalimah itu boleh mencampakkannya di dalam Neraka lebih sejauh antara timur dan barat” ( Riwayat Al-Bukhari, bab Hifdz al-Lisan, 11/256 , no 2988)

MUHASABAH